The Wegner Health Science Information Center: The Library as a Place for Learning


The Wegner Center, as it approaches its twentieth anniversary, is recognized as a place for learning.  It is true that most of our scholarly resources are available online 24/7/365, and the library staff provide virtual research services to students, faculty and medical staff throughout the region. Nevertheless, students and other users from all the Wegner partners groups—Mt. Marty College, University of Sioux Falls, South Dakota State University, Veterans Memorial Medical Center, and the USD School of Health Sciences and Sanford School of Medicine—recognize and rely upon the Wegner Center as a place for learning.

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The chart below depicts both the steady use of the Wegner classroom and the increased use of the study rooms. Hence, the Wegner Center Board of Directors continue to invest in the technology, furnishings, and more that make the Wegner Center a great place for learning.

d Note:  Fiscal Year (FY): July 1 to June 30


In June, the Wegner Center completed its latest renovations, including upgrading the classroom to a SMART classroom and installing new carpet throughout the center. These investments, made possible through the Lyndon and Shirley King Endowment, the Karl H. Wegner Health Science Information Center Endowment, the Sanford School of Medicine, and all the Wegner partner organizations, will ensure that the Wegner Health Science Information Center is a place for learning well into the future.



In searching PubMed and watching for “Free” articles, you’ll see the label “Free PMC Article” on many of them.freePMCarticle.png

PMC, formerly known as PubMed Central, is a repository for research funded by the National Institutes of Health and for other freely available journal articles.

It can be searched as a separate resource as well as via references retrieved in PubMed. Since (unlike PubMed) it is a repository of articles rather than a database of references to articles, a term searched in PMC retrieves articles that mention that term wherever it appears in the text of the article. That makes it useful when searching some obscure issues, for instance, cases of a certain microbe causing a certain problem –

Search PMC directly using the pull-down option at the top of the PubMed page to switch from PubMed to PMPubMed

PMClinkTypically, the PMC search on such a topic will retrieve more hits than in PubMed; some may be less focused, but since the text is immediately available, you can quickly open the article to check its content.

See a more detailed search interface at and more description of PMC at and

New Books

Recently the Wegner Center added new books to its collection to continue its goal of maintaining and delivering relevant information that supports healthcare, education and research. Below are a few examples of recent additions and, remember, you can search the collection by subject, title or author!

Ketogenic and Modified Atkins Diets: Treatments for Epilepsy and Other Disorders, 6th ed.
Eric H. Kossoff, MD, Zahava Turner, RD, CSP, LDN, Sarah Doerrer, CPNP, Mackenzie C. Cervenka, MD, Bobbie J. Henry, RD, LPN
Call Number: WB 400 K86 2016


Now in its sixth edition, The Ketogenic and Modified Atkins Diets is the established, authoritative book on these groundbreaking epilepsy treatments. Written for parents, patients, dieticians, and neurologists, this book is an invaluable resource for anyone considering or starting a ketogenic diet for epilepsy or another neurologic disorder. Written by doctors, dieticians, and a pediatric nurse practitioner from the Johns Hopkins Hospital’s Ketogenic Diet Center, along with several other experts in the field, this book’s patient-centered content contains answers to almost any question related to the ketogenic and modified Atkins diets, for children and adults. Chapters cover implementation, recipes, fine-tuning the diets, connecting with support groups, the latest research on the effectiveness of the diets, and much more. The sixth edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect current advances and applications. Two entirely new sections are devoted to the use of ketogenic diets for epilepsy in adults, and diets that can help alleviate the symptoms of other conditions such as cancer, dementia, autism, and migraines. Coverage of the modified Atkins diet is significantly expanded to reflect the growing popularity of this less restrictive diet. (From

Comprehensive Respiratory Therapist Exam Review, 6th ed.
James R. Sills
Call Number: WF 18.2 S584 2016

respiratory exam review .jpg

Find out how and what to review for the all-new 2015 National Board of Respiratory Care (NBRC) Exam with The Comprehensive Respiratory Therapist’s Exam Review, 6th Edition. It covers every topic in the NBRC Detailed Content Outline, providing study hints, in-depth content review, and self-assessment questions with rationales so you retain more information. Sills. Latest review also offers students and practicing respiratory therapists realistic experience with the new Therapist Multiple Choice Exam (TM-CE) through a 140-question TM-CE practice test on its accompanying Evolve website. New to this edition: NEW! Therapist Multiple Choice Exam (TM-CE) practice test aligns with the new 2015 NBRC Written Exam. UPDATED! Revised content reflects the 2015 NBRC Detailed Content Outline and examination matrix so you know exactly what to expect on the exams – and can review each of the areas covered on the matrix. NEW! More analysis-type questions added to the end-of-chapter self-study questions reflect changes in the matrix content outlines. NEW! Greater consistency in formulas, abbreviations, and equations achieved through aligning the text and Evolve site to comprehensive Abbreviation and Equation Glossaries. EXPANDED! 22 clinical simulations feature shortened sections and align with the new 2015 NBRC Clinical Simulation Exam in both study mode and exam mode, giving you the opportunity to practice this difficult portion of the Registry Exam on Evolve. NEW! Standard Normal Range Guide features reference tables with normal values of various parameters used in respiratory care assessment. EXPANDED! New practice exams on Evolve, including one 140-question TM-CE with automatic scoring to delineate entry and advanced credentialing levels, let you assess your understanding in both study (untimed) and exam (timed) modes. (From

Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice, 8th ed.
Connie Henke Yarbo and Barbara Debra Wujcik, Editors
Call Number: WY 156 C2197 2018

Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice, Eighth Edition continues as the gold standard in oncology nursing. With contributions from the forCancer Nursing.jpgemost experts in the field, it has remained the definitive reference on the rapidly changing science and practice of oncology nursing for more than 25 years. Completely updated and revised to reflect the latest research and developments in the care of patients with cancer, the Eighth Edition includes new chapters on the biology of cancer, sleep disorders, and palliative care across the cancer continuum. The Eighth Edition also includes significant updates to the basic science chapters to reflect recent increases in scientific knowledge, especially relating to genes and cancer. Also heavily revised are the sections devoted to the dynamics of cancer prevention, detection, and diagnosis, as well as treatment, oncologic emergencies, end of life care, and professional and legal issues for oncology nurses. In addition, it provides extensive and current information on breast cancer, including two separate chapters on early stage breast cancer and metastatic breast cancer, and careful attention to survivorship issues. (From


Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness, 9th ed.
Rachel E. Spector
Call Number:  WA 30 S741C 2017

The ninth edition of Cultural Diversity in Health and Wellness examines the differences existing within North America by probing the health care system, cultural diversity .jpgconsumers, and examples of traditional health beliefs and practices among selected populations. An essential for any health-care professional, this book sets the standard for cultural perspectives and more importantly HEALTH–the balance of the person, both within one’s being–physical, mental, and spiritual–and in the outside world–natural, communal, and metaphysical. (Terms such as HEALTH are written this way to emphasize holistic meaning.) An emphasis on the influences of recent social, political, and demographic changes helps to explore the issues and perceptions of health and illness today, while introductory and capstone chapters help place material within perspective. (From


Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation: A Team Approach, 4th ed.
Brent Brotzman, Robert C. Manske, Kay Daugherty, managing editor!/browse/book/3-s2.0-C20130190071

clinical orthopedic.jpg

Evidence suggests a direct correlation between the quality of postoperative orthopaedic rehabilitation and the effectiveness of the surgery. Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation, 4th Edition, helps today’s orthopaedic teams apply the most effective, evidence-based protocols for maximizing return to function following common sports injuries and post-surgical conditions. Charles Giangarra, MD and Robert Manske, PT continue the commitment to excellence established by Dr. S. Brent Brotzman in previous editions, bringing a fresh perspective to the team approach to rehabilitation. … Treatment and rehabilitation protocols are presented in a step-by-step, algorithmic format with each new phase begun after criteria are met (criteria-based progression, reflecting current best practice). Expert Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, videos, and references from the book on a variety of devices. (From

Diagnosis and Management of Adult Congenital Heart Disease
Michael A. Gatzoulis, Gary D. Webb, and Piers E.F. Daubeney!/browse/book/3-s2.0-C20150014885


Designed to meet the needs of clinicians working with adults with congenital heart disease, Diagnosis and Management of Adult Congenital Heart Disease, by Drs. Michael A. Gatzoulis, Gary D. Webb, and Piers E. F. Daubeney, offers essential guidance on the anatomical issues, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment options available to practitioners today. This latest edition features completely updated content, including new information for nurses and nurse practitioners who, now more than ever, are playing an important role in the care of adults with CHD. You’ll also access four new chapters, illustrated congenital defects, coverage of long-term outcomes, and much more. Expert Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, videos, and references from the book on a variety of devices. (From

Cardiology Secrets, 5th ed. 
Glenn N. Levine!/browse/book/3-s2.0-C20150066618

Cardiology Secrets

For more than 30 years, The Secrets Series has provided students and practitioners in all areas of health care with concise, focused, and engaging resources for quick reference and exam review. Cardiology Secrets, 5th Edition, features the Secrets’ popular question-and-answer format that also includes lists, tables, and an easy-to-read style–making reference and review quick, easy, and enjoyable. (From

Beware of Predatory Publishers

What are predatory publishers?

Predatory publishers attempt to scam authors into paying to have their work published and do not have a peer review or editorial board process to check the authority of the work.

Predatory publishers also tend to:

  • Have very similar or familiar sounding titles – typically they only differ by one or two words from a legitimate and reputable journal title
  • Published in an online-only format* (Note: not all open-access or online-only journals are predatory)
  • Prey on vulnerable populations (graduate students desperate to be published and/or hurried professionals who will soon be up for tenure or promotion)

Two ways predatory publishers make contact:

  • Unsolicited email
  • As part of internet search results

Tips to avoid being tempted or duped into publishing in a bogus journal:

  • Use the library databases and journal access provided by the University Libraries (I.D. Weeks and Wegner Center Libraries)
  • Conduct research using journal’s known in your profession and/or affiliated with a professional organization or society.
  • Still not sure? Librarians are happy to help.

To avoid predatory conference organizers, register for conferences and housing directly through a professional organization’s website, rather than emailed links.


Tips for Starting a Health Literature Search

Thorough searching on many topics in healthcare requires using both the Current Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature [CINAHL] as well as PubMed/Medline. Some searches are best started in CINAHL and then expanded into Medline/PubMed and others vice versa.


CINAHL is best when searching for:

  • Procedures of care
  • Publications in the fields of respiratory care, emergency medical terminology and laboratory management
  • New phrases which may be found only in the article body (“quadruple aim” for example)

Additionally, subject headings used to tag articles in CINAHL are often more specific for processes such as Diabetes Education, Gait Analysis, Back Exercises, or Insertion Site Selection.


PubMed/Medline is best when searching for:

  • Drug trials
  • Specifics of disease diagnosis and treatment

CINAHL search tips:

  • Expand relevant references in your query by selecting “Also search within the full text of the article” in the Advanced Search option.
  • Expand your search to additional EBSCO databases, including Medline, by selecting the “Choose Databases” link at the top of the search page.

From the Dean of Libraries

Vicki PhotoIn October 2016, the board, staff, and friends of the Wegner Health Science Information Center wished Vicki Carlson, Operations Manager, the best as she embarked on retirement. Vicki began her career in libraries in the Canton, SD, school district. She later joined the University of South Dakota library staff that served both the Sioux Valley Hospital and the McKennan Hospital in Sioux Falls. Vicki continued her service with the University of South Dakota upon the opening of the Wegner Health Science Information Center in 1998.

Between 1998 and her retirement in 2016, Vicki adapted to and helped shape many changes in library services at the Wegner Center, and her commitment to excellence was a constant throughout all the changes. Her commitment to her colleagues and library users was always evident. She is missed by colleagues and library patron alike.

Best wishes, Vicki, as you enjoy time with family and friends.

Vicki's Good bye party


Shelie Photo

In March 2017, the Wegner Center community welcomed Shelie Vacek as the Health Sciences Librarian and Head, Wegner Health Science Information Center.

Before joining the Wegner Health Science Information Center staff, Shelie served as a health sciences librarian at the I.D. Weeks Library on the Vermillion campus of the University of South Dakota. Shelie holds both a B.S. from South Dakota State University and a M.S. in Library & Information Science from the University of North Texas. Currently, she is completing a M.S. in Health Sciences through Rutgers University.

Shelie is dedicated to serving students, faculty, and health care professionals. She brings both vision and expertise to the talented and dedicated team at the Wegner Center. The Board of Directors, the Wegner Center staff, and the leadership of the University Libraries look forward to working with Shelie to serve the Wegner Center community.

Joanna Briggs Institute EBP Database (via OVID)

The Joanna Briggs Institute is a global organization supporting evidence based healthcare. Begun in Australia, it now has centers around the world including many in the USA. Evidence assessment reports for nursing and healthcare from the Joanna Briggs Institute are listed in both PubMed and CINAHL as “JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports.”

To see Evidence Based Recommended Practices, Evidence Summaries, Best Practice Information Sheets, Systematic Reviews, Consumer Information Sheets, Systematic Review Protocols, and Technical Reports:

  • Type in a topic such as surgical site infections, teach-back or re-admissions in the search box
  • To save or print the full article, click on JBI Database PDF at the right edge of the document reference or email click “Email Jumpstart” to email the article’s link.

New Books Available through ClinicalKey® and ebrary

Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases: 2-Volume Set, 8th Edition
John E Bennett MD MACP, Raphael Dolin MD, Martin J. Blaser MD!/browse/book/3-s2.0-C20150008796

With new chapters, expanded and updated coverage, increased worldwide perspectives, and many new contributors, Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 8th Edition helps you identify and treat whatever infectious disease you see…Stay current on Expert Consult with a thorough and regularly scheduled update program that ensures access to new developments in the field, advances in therapy, and timely information. Access the information you need easily and rapidly with new succinct chapter summaries that include diagnosis, therapy, and prevention. Experience clinical scenarios with vivid clarity through a richly illustrated, full-color format that includes 1500 photographs for enhanced visual guidance (from

Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies, 6th Edition
Steven G. Gabbe

Highly readable, well-illustrated, and easy to understand, Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies remains your go-to choice for authoritative guidance on managing today’s obstetric patient. Reflecting the expertise of internationally recognized authorities, this bestselling obstetrics reference has been thoroughly revised to bring you up to date on everything from ultrasound assessment of fetal anatomy and growth, to medical complications in pregnancy, to fetal therapy…and much more! Benefit from the knowledge and experience of international experts in obstetrics. Gain a new perspective on a wide range of today’s key issues – all evidence-based and easy to read. Stay current with new coverage of fetal origins of adult disease, evidence-based medicine, quality assessment, nutrition, global obstetric practices, and much more. Find the information you need quickly with bolded key statements, additional tables, flow diagrams, and bulleted lists for easy reference. Zero in on “Key Points” in every chapter – now made more useful than ever with the inclusion of related statistics. View new ultrasound nomograms in the Normal Values in Pregnancy appendix (from

Bradley’s neurology in Clinical Practice
Robert. B Daroff, Joseph Jankovic, John C. Mazziotts, Scott L. Pomeroy

Comprehensive, easy to read, and clinically relevant, Bradley’s Neurology in Clinical Practice provides the most up-to-date information presented by a veritable “Who’s Who” of clinical neuroscience. Its unique organization allows users to access content both by presenting symptom/sign and by specific disease entities-mirroring the way neurologists practice. A practical, straightforward style; templated organization; evidence-based references; and robust interactive content combine to make this an ideal, dynamic resource for both practicing neurologists and trainees (from

Non-operating Room Anesthesia
Mark S. Weiss, Lee A. Fleisher

The demand for anesthesiologists outside of the operating room continues to grow as the number of minimally invasive procedures proliferates and the complexity of diagnostic procedures undertaken outside of the OR increase. Non-Operating Room Anesthesia is an easy-to-access, highly visual reference that facilitates an in-depth understanding of NORA procedures and protocols needed to minimize risk and complications and to maximize growth opportunities. Review the most recent knowledge with updated coverage of the use of the electrophysiology lab (EPL) and cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) in the care of the critically ill patient; patient assessment; and anesthetic considerations. Focus on the practical guidance you need thanks to a user-friendly color-coded format, key points boxes, drug descriptions, checklist boxes (for monitors, equipment, and drugs), and over 400 color photos that help you visualize each procedure and setting (from

Extemporaneous Formulations for Pediatric, Geriatric, and Special Needs Patients3rd Edition

This reference has served an important and continuing need for evidence-based “recipes” in extemporaneous formulations. It is the go-to resource for pharmacists treating patients who require any of the 80% of medications that are not commercially available in appropriate forms or dosages for pediatric, geriatric, or other special populations. The third edition will include over 30 new formulations (from



Evidence-based geriatric nursing protocols for best practice6th Edition
Marie Boltz, Elizabeth Capezuti, Terry Fulmer, DeAnn Zwicker

This new edition of one of the premier references for geriatric nurses in hospital, long-term, and community settings delivers current guidelines, real-life case studies, and evidence-based protocols developed by master educators and practitioners. With a focus on improving quality of care, cost-effectiveness, and outcome, the fifth edition is updated to provide the most current information about care of common clinical conditions and issues in older patients. Several new expert contributors present current guidelines about hip fractures, frailty, perioperative and postoperative care, palliative care, and senior-friendly emergency departments. Additionally, chapters have been reorganized to enhance logical flow of content and easy information retrieval. Protocols-system
atically tested by more than 300 participating NICHE (Nurses Improving Care for Healthsystem Elders) hospitals-are organized in a consistent format and include an overview, evidence-based assessment and intervention strategies, and an illustrative case study with discussion. Additionally, protocols are embedded within chapter text, providing the context and detailed evidence for each. Chapter objectives, annotated references, and evidence ratings for each protocol are provided along with resources for additional study. (from